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Government Of Assam Handloom Textiles & Sericulture

Rearing of Silkworm

Muga Silkworm

Muga silkworm

Muga silkworm, Antherea assama Westwood (syn. Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. Family characters namely, bipectinate antennae, minute labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent in both the sexes.

Rearing of Muga silkworm

Muga silkworm rear in out door on tree. One tree can be utilized for two rearing in a year alternately during spring and autumn, thus one full grown tree can yield 1000 cocoons in a year and 5 trees are required to produce 5000 cocoons which yield one kg. of muga silk.
Muga silkworm is Semi-domesticated and multivoltine in nature having 5 to 6 generations in a year. In accordance with the Assamese calendar the different generations in a year are named as follows:

Sl

Assamese Name

Season

Month

Remarks

1

Jarua

Winter

Dec-Feb

Pre- seed crop

2

Chotua

Early spring

Mar-April

Seed crop

3

Jethua

Spring

May-June

Second commercial crop

4

Aherua

Early summer

June-July

Pre- seed crop

5

Bhodia

Late summer

Aug-Sept

Seed crop

6

Kotia

Autumn

Oct-Nov

Main commercial crop